These small, scruffy canine had been as soon as identified to hunt foxes and vermin on the border between England and Scotland.
1. Key Traits
- AKC Group: Terrier
- Top: 11–16 inches
- Weight: 11–15.5 kilos
- Life Expectancy: 15 years
Border terriers, a.okay.a. borders, are small, scruffy canine as soon as used to clear foxes out of their holes and hunt vermin and pests. They’ve small, dark-colored, V-shaped ears and eyes which might be a darkish hazel and medium in measurement. The tail is tapered, and the ft are small and compact.
Their weather-resistant double coat consists of a brief, wiry outer coat and a dense, quick undercoat. Coat colours embrace grizzly and tan, blue and tan, pink or wheaten. It’s additionally potential that a few of these canine carry white markings on their chest.
2. The place They Got here From
Border terriers originated in Cheviot Hills, close to the border (therefore the identify) of England and Scotland. This older breed of Nice Britain hunted foxes, otters, vermin and badgers, to call a couple of.
Borders weren’t well-known all through Nice Britain, however the breed was acknowledged by the English Kennel Membership in 1920. The Border Terrier Membership was fashioned throughout the identical yr, and shortly thereafter the American Kennel Membership acknowledged the breed in 1930.
three. How Pleasant Are They?
Borders are alert, agile, pleasant and affectionate. They’re straightforward to coach and get alongside properly with different canine. You shouldn’t depart them alone with different pets, although — their excessive prey drive might kick in. Nevertheless, they often get alongside tremendous with cats in the event that they had been raised or socialized with them.
These canine are tremendous with youngsters and are often good watchdogs, although they don’t seem to be aggressive. We advocate coaching and socialization to eradicate the potential of small canine syndrome.
Borders prefer to dig, so put aside an space on your canine to meet this want.
four. Is This the Proper Canine for You?
HIGH: These little hunters want every day train. They’ve loads of power and stamina, though these step by step decrease because the canine become old (they’re nonetheless lively in puppyhood and for years after).
Borders might chase non-canine pets, so hold yours on a leash or in an enclosed space when outside.
MEDIUM: Brushing a couple of occasions per week is sufficient to hold your border’s coat wholesome. Nevertheless, as a result of the coat should be professionally groomed or hand-stripped a number of occasions a yr (2–three occasions or extra, relying on the lower), we rank their coat upkeep as a medium.
The coat doesn’t shed a lot, however common grooming is vital to forestall matting and knotting, based on Debbie Dee, creator of The Full Information to Border Terriers. “Most border terriers can profit from a minimum of month-to-month bathing, but when your canine has a penchant for getting soiled, it’s possible you’ll wish to do it as typically as as soon as per week,” says Dee. “Be sure to choose a no-tear shampoo as a result of the border terrier’s eyes and pores and skin are delicate.”
Well being Issues
LOW: Essentially the most prevalent well being drawback in borders is canine epileptoid cramping syndrome (CECS), a situation that mimics epilepsy in its signs.
Watch this rowdy border pup do away with some pent-up power:
5. The place to Undertake One
I discovered a number of purebred and mixed-breed borders obtainable for adoption throughout a latest search. Verify together with your native shelters and rescues to see what borders they’ve.
When you contact a breeder, inquire in regards to the dad and mom and well being clearances (hip, eye and elbow — a check to display for CECS shouldn’t be obtainable and is troublesome to diagnose). Maintain vigilant for any pet mill pink flags.
- American Kennel Membership’s Border Terrier web page
- Border Terrier Membership of America
- Border Terrier Canada
- The Border Terrier Membership (UK)